Maria Adams, MS, MPH, RD
A low-sodium diet restricts the amount of sodium (salt) in your diet. On this diet, you should aim to consume no more than 2,300 milligrams (mg) of sodium per day. This is the amount in about one teaspoon of table salt.
is a mineral found in many foods. Most people consume much more sodium than they need. Diets high in sodium can increase blood pressure. A high-sodium diet can also increase your risk of
stroke. Reducing your sodium intake can help lower blood pressure.
Foods highest in sodium include table salt (about 50% sodium), convenience foods, preserved foods, and processed foods. Examples of processed foods include:
Foods to avoid:
Beverages to avoid:
American Dietetic Association
American Heart Association
Dietitians of Canada
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada
American Dietetic Association. Nutrition Care Manual website. Available at:
http://www.nutritioncaremanual.org. Accessed January 13, 2010.
American Heart Association website. Available at:
http://www.americanheart.org. Accessed December 8, 2009.
3/5/2013 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillance
https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us: Dinicolantonio JJ, Pasquale PD, Taylor RS, et al. Low sodium versus normal sodium diets in systolic heart failure: systematic review and meta-analysis.
Heart. 2013 Jan 24. [Epub ahead of print.]
Last reviewed March 2013 by Dianne Scheinberg Rishikof MS, RD, LDN
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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