Michelle Badash, MS
Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs. It affects the small airways and air sacs in the lungs.
Pneumonia is sometimes described by where and how you were infected. Types of pneumonia include:
Pneumonia may be
Pneumonia is more common in older adults. Other factors that may increase your chance of developing pneumonia include:
Pneumonia may cause:
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Your doctor may suspect pneumonia based on your symptoms, and breath and lung sounds. Tests can confirm diagnosis and determine the specific germ causing the pneumonia.
Your bodily fluids may be tested. This can be done with:
Pulse oximetry measures blood oxygen levels.
Images may be taken of your lungs. This can be done with:
Treatment of pneumonia depends on:
People with severe pneumonia may need to be hospitalized.
Your doctor may advise:
It is important to take all medications as prescribed, even when you are feeling well.
Certain vaccines may prevent pneumonia:
Other preventive measures include:
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Last reviewed February 2014 by David L Horn, MD, FACP
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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