Karen Schroeder Kassel, MS, RD, MEd
Produce has certainly earned its healthful reputation. It is rich in vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, phytochemicals, and fiber, while being low in calories and fat. All of these factors contribute to many health benefits, such as:
How much fruit and vegetables you need is based on your age, gender, and activity level. In general, adults should aim for these amounts every day:
Try to fill half your plate with fruits and vegetables. Visit the
website for more information.
Focus on color when eating fruits and vegetables. Dark green, red, and orange vegetables are especially packed with good-for-you nutrients.
Also, within your daily servings, try fruits and vegetables rich in
or beta-carotene and
vitamin C. Produce rich in vitamin A and beta-carotene (which is converted to vitamin A in the body) includes:
Produce rich in
Smoothies with fruit, yogurt, juice, proteins, and/or vegetables are great option for a fast, nourishing breakfast, snack, or dessert. Consider investing in a blender that can crush ice and frozen fruit. You can use any ingredients you like for a healthy alternative to sweets.
While it may be tempting to just pop a supplement instead of eating more produce, this is not the best way to go. The majority of the research has shown positive health effects from foods rich nutrients, not from isolated nutrients. Experts think it may be the package of nutrients in fruits and vegetables that delivers the biggest health benefits.
Additionally there are hundreds of phytochemicals in each bite of fruits and vegetables that are not available in pill form.
Choose My Plate—Department of Agriculture
Eat Right—Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Dietitians of Canada
Health Canada Food and Nutrition
Dietary guidelines for Americans 2010. Department of Agriculture and Department of Health and Human Services. Available at: http://health.gov/dietaryguidelines/dga2010/DietaryGuidelines2010.pdf. Accessed February 16, 2016.
Food groups: Fruits. Department of Agriculture Choose My Plate website. Available at: http://www.choosemyplate.gov/fruit. Accessed February 16, 2016.
Food groups: Vegetables. Department of Agriculture Choose My Plate website. Available at: http://www.choosemyplate.gov/vegetables. Accessed February 16, 2016.
Jiang R, Jacobs DR Jr, Mayer-Davis E, et al. Nut and seed consumption and inflammatory markers in the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis.
Am J Epidemiol.
Liven up your meals with fruits and vegetables. Department of Agriculture Choose My Plate website. Available at: http://www.choosemyplate.gov/sites/default/files/tentips/DGTipsheet10LivenUpYourMeals.pdf. Updated September 2011. Accessed February 16, 2016.
Last reviewed February 2016 by Michael Woods, MD
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